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History / Monographs / Two traditions chronicles Grand Duchy of Lithuania / The list of chronicles text

Two traditions chronicles
Grand Duchy of Lithuania

The list of chronicles text

Nicholas Zharkikh

Chronicles texts were printed twice in the series "The Complete Collection of Russian Chronicles" (PSRL) in 1907, in the seventeenth volume edited by S. L. Ptashitsky and in 1975 (vol. 32), 1980 (vol. 35) years, edited by N. N. Ulashchik. Although some of their texts show a very close similarity, among the manuscripts there are no two, of which could be said that the second rewritten from the first. Moreover, the available manuscripts often represent collections of works of different origins, sometimes even convolutes, common parts between which limited the overall binding.

Therefore, to study the collections of chronicle should be divided into logical parts, focusing on the content of the works. These parts we give a formal name (Bil1L Belarus 1st chronicle, Vit1L Vytautas 1st chronicle, Lit1L Lithuanian 1st chronicle). The main reason for the introduction of formal titles is to separate manuscripts, and besides:

1, the names of the owners often misleading: Bychowiec's Chronicle was written not by Bychowiec, and Raczynski's chronicle not by Raczynski;

2, the presence of several different annals with the same name (two Suprasl annals and our Bil2L and Bil5L + Bil6L; two Uvarov chronicles, in particular, our Vit4L + Bil3L and Annals of the 72-language junior recension);

3, the similarity of the names of the chronicles, for example, "Chronicle great Duchy Lithuania and Zhomoit" (Lit7L) and "Lithuania and Zhmoit Chronicle" (Lit8L).

In each group, the chronicles are numbered sequentially from early to later, focusing exclusively on the date of the manuscripts.

I consider it expedient to divide "Lithuanian" chronicles in turn into two groups: "Vytautas" chronicles begin statement on the death of Gediminas, while "self-Lithuanian" from Palemon:

"Vytautas" chronicles

Abbr-eviation Date Publication and traditional name
Vit1L 1397 (the last year, there is no end)
late 15 early 16 c. (Paleography)
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 191 204 (Vilna copy)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 85 90 ().
Vit2L 1382 (the final year)
late 15 early 16 c. (copy)
Prochaska A. Przekład ruskiego latopisca ks. Litewskiego na język laciński. Kwartalnik historyczny, 1888, r. 2, 2, s. 196 197.
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 219 226 (Origo regis Jagyelo et Wytholdi ducum Lithuanie)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 115 117 ( Jagyelo et Wytholdi ducum Lithuanie)
Maroz B. Latin translation Origo regis in the history of Belarussian annalistics. Own words, in 2014, number 1, pp. 28 32 (Belarusian translation).
Vit3L In 1446 (the final year)
1520 (date of copy)
Latoposiec litewski / I. Daniłowicz. Dziennik Wileński, 1832, 3; 1824, 1 3;
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 71 84 (Suprasl Chronicle, Part 2)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 61 67 (, Part 2).
Vit4L 1445 (the final year)
1524 (filigree)
Annals of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania / A. N. Popov. Scientists notes of the 2nd department of the Academy of Sciences, 1854, vol. 1, Div. 3, p. 27 58;
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 85 109 (Uvarov copy A)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 68 78 (, 1 part).
Vit5L In 1392 (the last year, there is no end)
1534 (filigree)
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 125 152 (Academic copy)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 110 114 (, Part 2)
Vit6L 1446 (the final year)
16 c. (Paleography)
Lithuanian chronicle by the copy in the library of Count Krasinski / A. F. Bychkov. SPb.: 1893.;
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 153 190 (Count Krasinski copy A)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 132 144 (, Part 2).
Vit7L 1526 (the latest date in the text)
1530-s (Date of collection of articles)
/ G. Bugoslavsky. Smolensk antiquity, 1911, 1, no. 2, p. 5 16.

"Lithuanian" chronicles

Abbr-eviation Date Publication and traditional name
Lit1L 1507 (the latest date, there is no end)
17 c. (copy)
Pomniki do dziejów litewskich / T. Narbutt. Wilno: 1846;
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 473 572 (Bychowiec's copy)
PSRL, 1975, vol. 32, p. 128 173 ()
Lit2L 1396 (the last year, there is no end)
16 c. (Paleography)
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 239 292 (copy of Archaeological Society; lost beginning and end of the copy is submitted by the Rumyantsev Museum copy)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 91 102 ().
Lit3L 16 c. (Paleography) Lithuanian chronicle by the copy in the library of Count Krasinski / A. F. Bychkov. SPb.: 1893.;
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 227 238 (Count Krasinski copy B)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 128 132 (, 1 part).
Lit4L 1535 (the last year, there is no end)
1550 (date of copy)
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 421 472 (Olszewski copy)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 173 191 ().
Lit5L 1548 (the last year, there is no end)
1582 (filigree)
1635, 1651 (other articles of the collection)
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 295 356 (Count Raczynski copy)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 145 172 ().
Lit6L 1548 (the final year)
1690 (date of copy)
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 357 412 (Evreinov's copy)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 214 238 ().
Lit7L In 1567 (the final year)
Late 17 c. (Paleography)
Chronicle great Duchy Lithuania and Zhomoit / B. Vakhevich. Notes of the Odessa Society of History and Antiquities, 1902, vol. 24;
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 193 213 ().
Lit8L 1588 (the final year)
17 c., 1740s (copies)
PSRL, 1975, vol. 32, p. 15 127 ()

"Belarusian" chronicles

Abbr-eviation Date Publication and traditional name
Bil1L 1435 (the last year, the end is lost)
1464 1491 (filigree)
15 c. (Paleography)
Russian chronicles / S. Belokurov. Reading in the society of Russian History and Antiquities, 1898, vol. 4;
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 19 35 ().
Bil2L 1446 (the final year)
1520 (date of copy)
Latoposiec litewski / I. Daniłowicz. Dziennik Wileński, 1832, 3; 1824, 1 3;
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 1 70 (Suprasl Chronicle, Part 1)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 36 61 (, 1st part).
Bil3L 1237 (the last year, the end is lost)
1524 (filigree)
PSRL, 1907, vol. 17, col. 109 124 (Uvarov copy B)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 78 84 (, Part 2).
Bil4L 1446 (the final year)
1534 (filigree)
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 103 110 (, 1 part)
Bil5L 1382 (the final year)
1540-ies (copy)
Codex Suprasliensis / M. A. Obolensky. M.: 1836, p. 1 123 (abbreviated Novgorod Chronicle, from the beginning of the Slavic lands to the capture of Moscow by Tokhtamysh in 1382).
Bil6L 1544 (the final year)
1498 1516 (filigree)
early 16 c. (paleography)
Codex Suprasliensis / M. A. Obolensky. M.: 1836, p. 125 154 (A brief chronicle of Kiev from the beginning of the Russian land in 1516).
PSRL, 1980, vol. 35, p. 118 127 ().

More clearly part of the annals of existing lists shown in the following diagram:

Composition of the copiec chronicles GDL

No matter how obvious this division it has not introduced in any previous studies, which is dramatically reflected both on investigation and on the findings. Therefore, in the following sections will be many new, introduced for the first time.

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