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Novodevichy monastery

Novodevichy monastery is located 4 km southwest of the Kremlin. It was founded in 1524 by Grand Prince Vasily 3d in memory of the conquest of Smolensk in 1514.

During his reign was built great five-domed Smolensk cathedral modeled after the Assumption cathedral in the Kremlin.

In 1598 the monastery became a place of proclamation of the Muscovite tsar Boris Godunov. Here took the veil his sister Irina widow of tsar Fedor Ivanovich. During the reign of Boris Godunov, the monastery was surrounded with walls and towers.

The heyday of the monastery fell at the end of 17 century, during the reign of princess Sophia. At that time were built a large refectory, bell tower and other buildings.

In 1689 in the monastery was imprisoned disgraced princess Sofia a sister of Peter. She lived here until her death (1704).

Near the monastery situated Novodevichy cemetery, founded in the early 20 century. In Soviet times it was the second prestigious state cemetery (after the cemetery near the Kremlin wall). Here are buried many famous statesmen and masters of culture.

General view of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow) from the northwest. Photo September 6, 1976.

General view from northwest

General view of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow) from the southeast. Photo February 7, 1977.

General view from the southeast

Cathedral of the Smolensk icon of the Theotokos in Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the northwest. Photo of May 5, 1979.

Smolensk cathedral from the northwest

Cathedral of the Smolensk icon of the Theotokos in Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the south. Photo February 7, 1977

Smolensk cathedral from the south

Church of the Transfiguration over the north gate of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the south. Photo of May 5, 1979.

Transfiguration church from the south

Church of the Transfiguration over the north gate of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the west. Photo of May 5, 1979.

Transfiguration church from the west

The two towers and the north wall of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the northeast. Photo September 6, 1976.

Towers and walls

Detail of the northwest defense wall of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the east, from the court. Photo September 6, 1976.

Defense wall

Cells of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the southeast. Photo February 7, 1977.

Cells

Tower and cells of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the southwest. Photo September 6, 1976.

Tower and cells

Defense tower and belfry of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). View from the northeast. Photo February 7, 1977.

Tower and belfry

The upper tiers of the belfry of Novodevichy monastery (Moscow). Photo September 6, 1976.

Belfry

Headstone of A.P.Dovzhenko at Novodevichy cemetery  (Moscow). Photo September 6, 1976.

Headstone of A.P.Dovzhenko

Headstone of N.S.Khrushchev at Novodevichy cemetery (Moscow). Photo September 6, 1976.

Headstone of N. S. Khrushchev

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